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LC Classification: P

A breakdown of the Library of Congress Classification system

P - Overview

P - Philology. Linguistics 

PA - Greek language and literature. Latin language and literature 

PB - Modern languages. Celtic languages 

PC - Romance languages 

PD - Germanic languages. Scandinavian languages 

PE - English language 

PF - West Germanic languages 

PG - Slavic languages. Baltic languages. Albanian language 

PH - Uralic languages. Basque language 

PJ - Oriental languages and literatures 

PK - Indo-Iranian languages and literatures 

PL - Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania 

PM - Hyperborean, Indian, and artificial languages 

PN - Literature (General) 

PQ - French literature - Italian literature - Spanish literature - Portuguese literature 

PR - English literature 

PS - American literature 

PT - German literature - Dutch literature - Flemish literature since 1830 - Afrikaans literature - Scandinavian literature - Old Norse literature: Old Icelandic and Old Norwegian - Modern Icelandic literature - Faroese literature - Danish literature - Norwegian literature - Swedish literature 

PZ - Fiction and juvenile belles lettres 

For Further Details

For more detailed information, visit the Library of Congress Classification Outline.

P - Language and Literature

P - Philology. Linguistics 

  • P87-96 Communication. Mass media
  • P99-99.4 Semiotics. Signs and symbols
  • P101-410 Language. Linguistic theory. Comparative grammar
    • P121-149 Science of language (Linguistics)
    • P201-299 Comparative grammar
    • P306-310 Translating and interpreting
    • P321-324.5 Etymology
  • P901-1091 Extinct ancient or medieval languages

PA - Greek language and literature. Latin language and literature 

  • PA201-899 Greek philology and language
  • PA1000-1179 Medieval and modern Greek language
  • PA2001-2915 Latin philology and language
  • PA3000-3049 Classical literature
  • PA3050-4505 Greek literature
    • PA3818-4505 Individual authors
  • PA5000-5660 Byzantine and modern Greek literature
  • PA6000-6971 Roman literature
    • PA6202-6971 Individual authors
  • PA8001-8595 Medieval and modern Latin literature
    • PA8200-8595 Individual authors

PB - Modern languages. Celtic languages 

  • PB1-431 Modern languages
  • PB1001-3029 Celtic languages and literature
    • PB1201-1449 Irish
    • PB1501-1709 Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic, Erse)
    • PB2001-2999 Brittanic group (Welsh, Cymric, Cornish, Breton)
    • PB3001-3029 Gaulish

PC - Romance languages 

  • PC601-872 Romanian
  • PC1001-1977 Italian
  • PC2001-3761 French
  • PC3801-3976 Catalan
  • PC4001-4977 Spanish
  • PC5001-5498 Portuguese

PD - Germanic languages. Scandinavian languages 

  • PD1001-1350 Old Germanic dialects
  • PD1501-7159 North Germanic. Scandinavian
    • PD2201-2393 Old Norse. Old Icelandic and Old Norwegian
    • PD2401-2446 Modern Icelandic
    • PD2501-2999 Norwegian
    • PD3001-3929 Danish
    • PD5001-5929 Swedish

PE - English language 

  • PE101-458 Anglo-Saxon. Old English
  • PE501-693 Middle English
  • PE814-896 Early Modern English
  • PE1001-1693 Modern English
  • PE1700-3602 Dialects. Provincialisms, etc.
  • PE3701-3729 Slang. Argot, etc.

PF - West Germanic languages 

  • PF1-979 Dutch
  • PF1001-1184 Flemish
  • PF1401-1541 Frisian
  • PF3001-5999 German

PG - Slavic languages. Baltic languages. Albanian language 

  • PG1-7925 Slavic
    • PG601-716 Church Slavic
    • PG801-1146 Bulgarian
    • PG1201-1749 Serbo-Croatian
    • PG2001-2826 Russian language
    • PG2900-3698 Russian literature
    • PG4001-5146 Czech
    • PG5201-5546 Slovak
    • PG6001-7446 Polish
  • PG8001-9146 Baltic
    • PG8501-8772 Lithuanian
    • PG8801-9146 Latvian
  • PG9501-9665 Albanian

PH - Uralic languages. Basque language 

  • PH101-405 Finnish
  • PH501-1109 Other Finnic languages and dialects
  • PH2001-3445 Hungarian
  • PH5001-5490 Basque

PJ - Oriental languages and literatures 

  • PJ1001-1989 Egyptology
  • PJ2001-2199 Coptic
  • PJ3001-3097 Semitic philology and literature
  • PJ3101-3971 Assyriology. Akkadian
  • PJ4501-5192 Hebrew
  • PJ5201-5329.5 Aramaic
  • PJ5401-5809 Syriac
  • PJ6001-8517 Arabic
  • PJ8991-9348 Ethiopian languages

PK - Indo-Iranian languages and literatures 

  • PK101-2899 Indo-Aryan languages
  • PK2901-5471 Indo-Aryan literature
    • PK3591-4485 Sanskrit
  • PK6001-6996 Iranian philology and literature
  • PK7001-7075 Dardic (Pisacha)
  • PK8001-8832 Armenian
  • PK9001-9201 Caucasian languages

PL - Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania 

  • PL501-889 Japanese language and literature
  • PL901-998 Korean language and literature
  • PL1001-3208 Chinese language and literature
  • PL3521-4001 Sino-Tibetan languages
  • PL4281-4587 Austroasiatic langues
  • PL5001-7511 Languages of Oceania
  • PL8000-8844 African languages and literature

PM - Hyperborean, Indian, and artificial languages 

  • PM1-94 Hyperborean languages of Arctic Asia and America
  • PM101-2711 American languages (Aboriginal)
    • PM549-2711 Specific languages of the United States and Canada (alphabetically)
  • PM3001-4566 Languages of Mexico and Central America
  • PM5001-7356 Languages of South America and the West Indies
  • PM7801-7895 Mixed languages
  • PM8001-8995 Artificial languages--Universal languages
  • PM9001-9021 Secret languages

PN - Literature (General) 

  • PN441-1009.5 Literary history
  • PN1010-1525 Poetry
  • PN1600-3307 Drama
  • PN3311-3503 Prose. Prose fiction
  • PN4001-4355 Oratory. Elocution, etc.
  • PN4699-5650 Journalism. The periodical press, etc.
  • PN6010-6790 Collections of general literature
    • PN6080-6095 Quotations
    • PN6099-6110 Poetry
    • PN6120.15-6120.95 Fiction
    • PN6141-6145 Essays
    • PN6146.5-6231 Wit and humor
    • PN6700-6790 Comic books, strips, etc.

PQ - French literature - Italian literature - Spanish literature - Portuguese literature 

  • PQ1-3999 French literature
  • PQ4001-5999 Italian literature
  • PQ6001-8929 Spanish literature
  • PQ9000-9999 Portuguese literature

PR - English literature 

  • PR111-116 Women authors
  • PR161-488 By period
  • PR1098-1369 Collections of English literature
    • PR1119-1151 By period
    • PR1170-1228 Poetry
    • PR1241-1273 Drama
    • PR1281-1309 Prose (General)
    • PR1321-1329 Oratory
    • PR1330 Diaries
    • PR1341-1349 Letters
    • PR1361-1369 Essays
  • PR1490-1799 Anglo-Saxon literature
  • PR1803-2165 Anglo-Norman period. Early English. Middle English
  • PR2199-3195 English Renaissance (1500-1640)
  • PR3291-3785 17th and 18th centuries (1640-1770)
  • PR3991-5990 19th century
  • PR6000-6049 1900-1960
  • PR6050-6076 1961-2000
  • PR6100-6126 2001-

PS - American literature 

  • PS185-231 By period
  • PS501-689 Collections of American literature
    • PS530-536.3 By period
    • PS537-574 By region
    • PS580-610 Poetry
    • PS623-635 Drama
    • PS642-659.5 Prose (General)
    • PS660-668.2 Oratory
    • PS670-678.2 Letters
    • PS680-689 Essays
  • PS8001-8599 Canadian literature

PT - German literature - Dutch literature - Flemish literature since 1830 - Afrikaans literature - Scandinavian literature - Old Norse literature: Old Icelandic and Old Norwegian - Modern Icelandic literature - Faroese literature - Danish literature - Norwegian literature - Swedish literature 

  • PT1-4897 German literature
  • PT5001-5980 Dutch literature
  • PT6000-6467.36 Flemish literature since 1830
  • PT6500-6593.36 Afrikaans literature
  • PT7001-7099 Scandinavian literature
  • PT7101-7338 Old Norse literature: Old Icelandic and Old Norwegian
  • PT7351-7550 Modern Icelandic literature
  • PT7581-7599 Faroese literature
  • PT7601-8260 Danish literature
  • PT8301-9155 Norwegian literature
  • PT9201-9999 Swedish literature

PZ - Fiction and juvenile belles lettres

  • PZ5 Collections
  • PZ6 Early to 1860/1870
  • PZ7 General juvenile fiction (alphabetically by author)
  • PZ8 Fairy tales
    • PZ8.1 Folklore, legends
    • PZ8.2 Fables
    • PZ8.3 Nursery rhymes and stories in rhyme
  • PZ10.3 Animal stories
  • PZ10.82-90 Children's literature in other languages