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Composers You Should Know: Baroque

Lists, facts, dates, links, and more, organized by time period

Notable Baroque Composers (1600 - 1750)

If you wish to be generally familiar with classical music, here is a short list of composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Representative Pieces

Bach, Johann Sebastian
 ML410 .B1

1685

1750

German

Mass in B Minor
Brandenburg Concertos (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (oratorio)
The Well-Tempered Clavier (keyboard)

Handel, George Frideric
 ML410 .H13

1685

1759

German

Messiah (oratorio)
Julius Caesar (opera)
Suite No. 5 in E major (harpsichord)
Music for the Royal Fireworks (wind band)

Monteverdi, Claudio
 ML410 .M77

1567

1643

Italian

L'Orfeo (opera)
8th Book of Madrigals "Madrigals of War and Love"
Vespro della Beata Vergine (voices, chorus, and orchestra)

Pachelbel, Johann

1653

1706

German

Canon and Gigue in D (3 violins and basso continuo)
Toccata in E Minor (organ)

Purcell, Henry
 ML410 .P93

1659

1695

English

The Fairy Queen (semi-opera)
Te Deum (choir and orchestra)
Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary (choir and orchestra)

Rameau, Jean-Phillippe
 ML410 .R2

1683

1764

French

Pièces de clavecin (harpsichord)
Pygmalion (opera)

Scarlatti, Alessandro
 ML410 .S22

1660

1725

Italian

La Giuditta (opera)
St. Cecilia Mass

Scarlatti, Domenico
 ML410 .S221

1685

1757

Italian

Essercizi (keyboard)
Salve Regina (choir)

Telemann, Georg Phillipp
 ML410 .T26

1681

1767

German

Tafelmusik (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (choir and orchestra)
Viola Concerto in G Major (viola and orchestra)

Vivaldi, Antonio
 ML410 .V82

1678

1741

Italian

The Four Seasons (violin and orchestra)
Juditha triumphans (oratorio)
Gloria (choir)
Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings and Continuo in G major

Baroque Composers (1600 - 1750)

If you are a student of Music History or Composition, here is a more detailed list of composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Representative Pieces

Albinoni, Tomaso

1671

1751

Italian

Oboe Concerto No. 2 in D Minor (oboe and strings)
Il Nascimento de l'Aurora (opera)

Bach, Johann Sebastian
 ML410 .B1

1685

1750

German

Mass in B Minor
Brandenburg Concertos (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (oratorio)
The Well-Tempered Clavier (keyboard)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz Franz

1644

1704

Bohemian-Austrian

Mysteries of the Rosary (violin and continuo)
Missa Salisburgensis (mass)

Buxtehude, Dieterich
 ML410 .B99

~1637

1707

German-Danish

19 Preludes (organ)
Membra Jesu Nostri (cantatas)

Carissimi, Giacomo

1605

1674

Italian

Jephte (oratorio)

Cavalli, Francesco
 ML410 .C3913

1602

1676

Italian

Magnificats (choir)
L'Artemisia (opera)

Charpentier, Marc-Antoine

1645

1704

French

Te Deum (motet)
Médée (opera)

Corelli, Arcangelo
 ML410 .C78

1653

1713

Italian

Christmas Concerto (chamber)
Trio Sonatas, Op. 3 (violins and continuo)

Couperin, François
 ML410 .C855

1668

1733

French

Leçons de ténèbres (voice, bass viol, & organ)
The Art of Playing the Harpsichord

Frescobaldi, Girolamo
 ML410 .F85

1583

1643

Italian

Fiori musicali (organ)
Toccate e partite (keyboard)

Galuppi, Baldassare

1706

1785

Italian

La clemenza di Tito (opera)
L'oracolo del Vaticano (voices and orchestra)

Geminiani, Francesco
 ML410 .G26

1687

1762

Italian

Concerti Grossi, Op. 3 (strings and continuo)

Gibbons, Orlando
 ML410 .G295

1583

1625

English

The Silver Swan (madrigal)
Lord Salisbury's Pavan (virginal)

Handel, George Frideric
 ML410 .H13

1685

1759

German

Messiah (oratorio)
Julius Caesar (opera)
Suite No. 5 in E major (harpsichord)
Music for the Royal Fireworks (wind band)

Lotti, Antonio

~1667

1740

Italian

Missa Sapientiae (mass)

Lully, Jean-Baptiste

1632

1687

French

Alceste (opera)
Ballet de la Raillerie (chamber)
Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (comedy ballet)

Monteverdi, Claudio
 ML410 .M77

1567

1643

Italian

L'Orfeo (opera)
8th Book of Madrigals "Madrigals of War and Love"
Vespro della Beata Vergine (voices, chorus, and orchestra)

Pachelbel, Johann

1653

1706

German

Canon and Gigue in D (3 violins and basso continuo)
Toccata in E Minor (organ)

Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista

1710

1736

Italian

Stabat Mater (chamber)
La serva padrona (opera buffa)

Peri, Jacopo

1561

1633

Italian

Euridice (opera)

Praetorius, Michael

1571

1621

German

Musae Sioniae (choir)
Terpsichore (instrumental dances)

Purcell, Henry
 ML410 .P93

1659

1695

English

The Fairy Queen (semi-opera)
Te Deum (choir and orchestra)
Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary (choir and orchestra)

Quantz, Johann Joachim

1697

1773

German

Flute concerto in D Major "Potsdam" (flute and continuo)

Rameau, Jean-Phillippe
 ML410 .R2

1683

1764

French

Pièces de clavecin (harpsichord)
Pygmalion (opera)

Sammartini, Giovanni Battista

~1700

1775

Italian

Symphony in G Minor (string orchestra)
Magnificat in Bb Major (choir and orchestra)

Scarlatti, Alessandro
 ML410 .S22

1660

1725

Italian

La Giuditta (opera)
St. Cecilia Mass

Scarlatti, Domenico
 ML410 .S221

1685

1757

Italian

Essercizi (keyboard)
Salve Regina (choir)

Scheidt, Samuel

1587

1653

German

Tabulatura nova (organ)
Ludi musici (chamber)

Schein, Johann Hermann

1586

1630

German

Banchetto musicale (chamber)
Fontana d'Israel (choir and chamber ensemble)

Schütz, Heinrich
 ML410 .S35

1585

1672

German

Cantiones sacrae (choir and organ)
Musikalische exequien (vocal)

Strozzi, Barbara

1619

1677

Italian

Arie a voce sola (soprano and continuo)

Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon
 ML410 .S97

1562

1621

Dutch

Cantiones Sacrae (vocal)
Onder een linde groen (organ)

Tartini, Giuseppe

1692

1770

Italian

Devil's Trill Sonata (in G Minor) (violin)
Violin Concerto in D Major (violin and string orchestra)

Telemann, Georg Phillipp
 ML410 .T26

1681

1767

German

Tafelmusik (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (choir and orchestra)
Viola Concerto in G Major (viola and orchestra)

Vivaldi, Antonio
 ML410 .V82

1678

1741

Italian

The Four Seasons (violin and orchestra)
Juditha triumphans (oratorio)
Gloria (choir)
Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings and Continuo in G major

Zelenka, Johann Dismas

1679

1745

Czech

Missa Sanctissimae Trinitatis (mass)
Capriccio in G Major (orchestra)