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RGS 100: Illahe: Evaluating Sources

Tips and Tricks

The CRAAP test is a set of guidelines developed by the Meriam Library at California State University, Chico to help you decide whether information you find is best for you for a particular situation. Please remember that these are guidelines only and that not every guideline is appropriate for every situation.


  • When was the information published? Has anything changed since then?


  • Who is the intended audience? Is better information available elsewhere? Is this particular information helpful for you in this research scenario?


  • Who wrote this information? Is this person an expert in the field?


  • Is this information accurate?


  • Why did this person write this piece? What angle or perspective is offered?


If you have questions or concerns, please ask your professor or your librarian.


Is it Scholarly?

Sometimes you may need information that is scholarly. How can you tell?

Video explanation from Kimbel Library


See the UTSA visualization for more advice